About Bali

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About Bali


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Bali Island

Why go to Bali? A vibrant culture, unique arts and ceremonies, gentle and friendly people, and spectacular scenery make Bali Island one of the premier travel destinations in the world.

Come to Bali Island to learn for yourself how beautiful Bali is. It needs more pages to describe the wonders and magic of Bali Island in words. Here is a glance of info about Bali Island.

Even today, there is a certain magic about Bali. The longer one stays in the island, the more one is impressed by the many exquisite sights and the scores of talented and charming people one encounters. All the tourist hype aside, Bali truly is exceptional.

The island of Bali indeed presents a modern paradox an ancient, traditional society that is still incredibly alive and vital. While the basic conservatism of the Balinese has enabled them to preserve many of their past achievement, it has never hindered the acceptance of new and innovative elements, whether home-grown or foreign. Bali is extraordinarily blessed by nature. Lying with narrow band of the tropics where wet and dry seasons fall roughly into balance.

Climate in Bali

Laying between 8 and 9 degrees south the equator, Bali has a short, hot wet season and a longer cooler dry season. The mountains are wet year round, averaging 2500 to 3000 mm (100 to 120 inches) of rain annually with warm days and cool nights. The lowlands are hotter and drier, but fresh and persistent winds make the climate less oppressive than elsewhere in the equatorial zone.

The wet season lasts from November to March, and thought there are only five or six hours of sunshine a day, this is also the hottest time of year (30-31 C by day, 24-25 C at night). The dry season is from April to October, when southeasterly winds blow up from the cool Australian interior (28-29 C by day, and a pleasant 23 C at night) with seven or height hours of sunshine daily.

Bali Island, Where, Width and Population

Bali Island is one of the 17,000 Islands of Indonesia, located between 8 and 9 degree south of the Equator. It takes 3 hours flight from Singapore or 5 hours from Sydney or 4 hours from Hong Kong and 8 hours from Tokyo, those closest cities in the pacific. There are direct and some connects flights from Europe, North and South America as well as Africa.

A very narrow strait, called the strait of Bali, joins the Indian (Indonesia) ocean and the Java sea, separating Bali Island from Java Island. Bali Islandís total area is slightly more than 2000 square miles. According to the latest census Bali Islandís population is three million five hundred thousand people.

Bali Island Topography, rice fields, mountains and beaches

Baliís mountain range is from Batukaru in the west and Gunung Agung in the East while in the center there are lakes which divides Bali Island into two plains, the Northern and the Southern plains.

The Northern plains are much narrower, hilly and dry so that there is not much wet rice cultivation, yet the people here like in the rest of Bali live from growing plants and vegetables.

The mountains in some places are not far from the sea, the coast is swampy in the West, alternately sandy and full of pebbles in the center and rocky in the East. There are few beaches in the East good for swimming as well as snorkeling and diving.

The Gunung Batur is very active volcano. In this century it erupted in 1905, 1926 and 1963 when it kept erupting till 1974. One of its many craters once in a while emits smoke.

The highest Volcano - Mt. Agung was dormant for more that 150 years, but It erupted suddenly in 18 February 1965 when Bali Island was about to have a big purification ceremony, called Eka Desa Rudra, which is to be held every 100 years.

The central part of Bali is mostly fertile and in these regions the tourists can see the most beautiful rice field terraces. This part of Bali is called the rice belt of the Island. The South part lies white sandy beaches where mostly hotels are located such as : Nusa Dua, Jimbaran, Kuta, Legian and Sanur area. To the Southeast of central Bali lies the arid island of Nusa Penida, Nusa Lembongan which are good for snorkeling.

Bali Flora and Fauna

Bali is thought to be the last island of Wallace line that separates the flora and fauna of Mainland Asia and Australia. In Balithere are no kakatoe birds, but one finds plenty of them in the islands East of Bali, e.g. in Sumba and Flores. A very few are found in Nusa Penida. There are more snakes and beautiful myna colored birds. The Australian flora and fauna are supposed to begin in Lombok, the island just East of Bali. In Nusa Penida one occasionally sees the white kakatoe and the Horned bill; a bird with very large beak, too big in proportion with the head, and the body.

Bali Religion

Most population of Bali Island (90%) are Hindu and the others are Catholic, Protestant, Moslem and Buddhist. The Hinduism in Bali mixed with local tradition and culture, thus almost every day you can find ceremony or temple festival.

The Balinese life cycle is celebrate with rituals from birth to death. The birth is celebrated through the "penyambutan" ceremony, The three Month ceremony when the child is allowed to touch the ground an given the name. Every six month celebrate otonan (birth day), after the adulation they have 'tooth filling' ceremony then wedding ceremony.

Because the Balinese are mostly Hindu at death, they have Cremation ceremony. It is the sacred duty of all Balinese Hinduís to cremate their deceased so the soul can go the Heaven.

Temples, houses and other building are celebrated every 210 days (6 month), a Balinese Year. The name of the Ceremony is called an Odalan.

Bali - Indonesia Visa and Travel Formalities

PASSPORT - All visitors traveling to Indonesia must be in possession of a passport valid for at least six months from the date of arrival and have proof of onward passage.

Visa On Arrival (VoA) at US$ 25 per person

Visa on Arrival are required for nationals of: • Argentine • Australia • Austria • Bahrain • Belgium • Bulgaria • Brazil • Cambodia • Canada • Cyprus • Denmark • Egypt • Estonia • Finland • France • Germany • Grace • Hungary • Iceland • India • Iran • Ireland • Italy • Japan • Kuwait • Laos • Liechtenstein • Luxemburg • Maldives • Malta • Mexico • Monaco • Netherlands • New Zealand • Norway • Oman • People's Republic of China • Poland • Portugal • Qatar • Russia • Saudi Arabia • Sweden • South Africa • South Korea • Spain • Suriname • Switzerland • Taiwan • United Arab Emirates • United Kingdom • United States of America

For those not belonging to the above categories, tourist visas can be obtained from any Indonesian Embassy or Consulate.

HEALTH

International health certificates for smallpox and cholera are not required, except from travelers arriving from infected areas.

CUSTOMS

Indonesian Customs allows on entry a maximum of two liters of alcoholic beverages, 200 cigarettes or 50 cigars or 100 grams of tobacco and a reasonable amount of perfume per adult.

Cars, photographic equipment and laps tops must be declared to Customs upon entry and must be re-exported.

It is prohibited from entry are TV sets, radios, narcotics, arms and ammunition.

Advance approval has to be acquired for carrying transceivers and all movie films and video cassettes must be censored by the Film Censor Board.

Fresh fruit, plants and animals must have quarantine permits. There is no restriction on import or export of foreign currencies. However, the export or import of Indonesian currency exceeding Rp.50,000 is prohibited.

Money Exchange

Our Indonesian currency is called the Rupiah, abbreviated as Rp. For the best exchange rate, you will find a bank or money exchange in most of the larger hotels. Please beware of "money changers" outside of the hotels, often a higher rate of exchange is offered, but sometimes you are not given the correct amount of money, always check you money before you leave. When cashing Travellers cheques your passport will be required, and the cheque must be counter signed in front of the cashier. Travellers cheques are also accepted at many shops. Credit card that are commonly accepted here in hotels, restaurants, and shops are: Visa, Mastercard, Diners Club and American Express. Personal cheques are rarely accepted anywhere.

Health and Safety

Personal belongings: We suggest you exercise the same caution you would anywhere. Please leave all your valuables including your flight tickets, passport and travellers cheques in your safety deposit box provide free of charge in most hotels. Do not leave it to chance!

Personal safety: We suggest you not to walk down unlit streets at night, that may be unsafe and recommended not to deal with street/beach vendors.

Personal Health: We suggest you to wear sun glasses, ensure sun cream is used and topped up regularly when you will be in the sun, use insect repellents when necessary.

Water

Please do not drink local tap water. Water used in food preparation and ice making is purified.

Emergencies

In case of theft, sickness or any other emergency, please contact your representative or the Duty Manager at your hotel. Most hotels have a house doctor.

EXIT

The Government of Indonesia has officially abolished the exit permit required for people leaving the country. Airport tax levied on passengers for international travel Rp.150,000.

TIME

Bali is 8 hours ahead of GMT

ELECTRICITY

Power supply is usually 220 volts/250 cycles in large cities, but 110 volts is still used in some areas. Normal outlets are plugs with two rounded pins. It is advisable to check electricity supplies before using any appliances.